The fruit and vegetable industry in India is highly decentralized having wide scope of further growth and expansion. The diverse climatic zones here, make it possible to grow almost all varieties of fresh fruits and green vegetables, making India the second largest producer of fresh vegetables in the world which accounts for about 15% of the world’s production of vegetables.
According to national horticulture board the main fruits and vegetables grown in India are Apple, Banana, Lime / Lemon, Mosambi, Orange (Mandarin), Grapes, Mango, Papaya, Brinjal, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Okra, Onion, Peas, Potato and Tomato. In case of vegetables, potato, tomato, onion, cabbage and cauliflower account for around 60% of the total vegetable production in the country.
Vegetables typically are grown here in field conditions. The fruits and vegetables considered important by the horticulture board of India are mostly grown in the areas of Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, hilly regions of North Uttar Pradesh,Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Punjab, Tripura, West Bengal and Orissa.
The installed capacity of fruit and vegetable processing industry has been increased from 11.08 lakh tons on 01.01. 1993 to 23.28 lakh tons as on 01.01.04. The utilization of fruits and vegetables for processing in the organized & unorganised sectors is estimated to be around 2% of the total production. Since the withdrawal of excise duty on fruit and vegetable products, there has been significant rise in the growth rate of the industry. Out of 370 million tons of fruit production in the world, India accounts for 30 million tons. To boost up fruit & Vegetable processing sector MFPI is extending financial assistance in the form of Grantin- aid for setting up new units, modernization and upgradation of existing units.